Reptiles
Batagur Terrapin (Schedule 1 Part 2)
The giant Asian river terrapin, or batagur (Batagur baska), and the closely related painted batagur (Callagur borneoensis) inhabit estuaries and tidal reaches of medium to large rivers throughout Southeast Asia . Both belong to monotypic genera and represent the largest emydid turtles, reaching a carapace length that may exceed 60 cm. The river terrapin Batagur baska is restricted to the estuaries of the Ganga and Brahmaputra , the Sundarbans (West Bengal) and Bhitarkanika (Orisha). Overexploitation of eggs and destruction of its mangrove habitat poses a threat to this species.



Olive Ridley (Schedule 1 Part 3)
The olive ridley is a small, hard-shelled marine turtle which may be identified by the uniquely high and variable numbers of vertebral and costal scutes.
Although the Olive Ridley remains wide spread and relatively numerous in tropical waters, most nesting sites support only small or moderate scale nesting (up to around 1,000 females per year), and most populations are known or thought to be depleted, often severely so, and some are virtually extinct. The main food items recorded are crabs and shrimps, but sessile and pelagic tunicates, jellyfish and other small invertebrates appear in the diet, also fish eggs. Olive Ridleys have been captured in prawn trawls at depths of 80 to 110m, so they are certainly capable of foraging at relatively great depth. Three major threats to Olive Ridley populations have been identified: commercial harvest of adults, incidental catch in shrimp trawls, and harvest of eggs from nest beaches. These factors are of differing significance in different areas, although some populations (e.g. in Mexico ) are affected by all three. The Olive Ridley has been considered by some authorities to be the most abundant marine turtle in the world, but it may also be the most exploited one. It is found mainly in the Sunderban area most notably in the Lothian islands.

Estuarine Crocodile (Schedule 1 Part 2)
As the name suggests these crocodiles are mainly found in Estuaries where tidal rivers meet the sea. This watery habitat is often mangrove lined They can also be found sometimes in the open sea or inland in freshwater swamps. The world's largest reptile the "Salty" has a broad "stubby" snout with cone shaped teeth. Its average length is 4 meters but males 6 to 7 meters have been reported. Saltwater Crocs have rows of bony scales on their neck and back. The coloring is mainly greyish brown with brown and yellow sides. Their rear feet are webbed to aid with swimming. It is thought that they live up to 70 to 100 years Their clear eyelids enable them to see underwater. The feeding strategy of a salt water croc is to wait close to the water's edge and pounce upon its victim in the blink of an eye. The usual prey of younger crocs is smaller animals such as fishes and crustaceans crabs insects etc. Adults can also attack and eat larger animals by overpowering and then drowning them, (the teeth are designed more for holding) eg fish, turtles, birds, turtles, reptiles and mammals (dingoes wallabies) even domestic cattle and people. After the prey is dead the croc will break the prey up into smaller pieces by violent flicking of the head to snap or break bones or twisting and rolling the body Larger crocs will also take carrion (dead animals) if hungry.
The croc is available in the Lothian islands, Sajnekhali and the Sunderban.

King Cobra (Schedule 2 Part 2)
Its size, deadliness, intelligence and ability to rear up and look a human straight in the eye have earned it a name that is more like a title: the King Cobra. The world's longest venomous snake, with a bite potent enough to kill an elephant. It averages 3.7 m (12 ft) in length but is known to grow to 5.5 m (18 ft). It is a thin snake, olive or brown in color, with bronze eyes. It is considered to be the most intelligent of all snakes. King cobras are generally found in dense or open rainforests, as well as swamps, bamboo thickets, and even around human settlements. They are excellent swimmers, often being found near streams, and are avid tree climbers. Their head is small and rounded, with large scales edged in black. The body is slender, and the tail is long and tapering. Coloration ranges from yellow-olive to brownish black. The snake can raise its head to a third of its length and may even move forward while upright. It has a loud, intimidating hiss resembling a dog's growl. It sometimes assumes an upright posture to see farther. The king cobra is an active hunter. The king cobra can live up to 20 years. It lives longer in captivity than in the wild. It can deliver up to 12 oz of venom in one bite. It is capable of eating a 3 year old cow. King cobras shed their skin 4-6 times per year for adults and every month for juveniles.

Python (Schedule 1 Part 2)
The Indian python is a highly arboreal snake, once fairly common throughout the jungles of India , Sri Lanka , and the East Indies . It can grow to a length of about 20 feet (6 m).
Like the boas and anacondas of the Americas , the python is a constrictor, a snake that kills its prey by squeezing. Mammals are preferred prey, but pythons will also eat birds, other animals, even fish (pythons often live near water and are good swimmers). Pythons drape across tree branches, camouflaged by their light and dark patterned skin, waiting to ambush their next meal. They grab their prey with a quick lashing out of the head, then wrap themselves around the prey so it cannot breathe. A large python could squeeze the life out of a deer, and amazingly enough, the python could then swallow it whole. After such a big meal, the snake may not have to eat again for as long as a year! There are very few authenticated accounts of humans being attacked by pythons, though it certainly is possible since the largest python recorded was over 32 feet (9.8 m) long.
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