Man Animal Conflict

Reduction of Man-Animal conflict

A. Conflicts usually arise out of straying of wild animals into habitations and result into either killing of the wild animals, or, death/injury of human beings and loss of crop/cattle/houses.

B. Man-elephant and Man-tiger conflict and also conflict with other wild animals of late, have become more acute due to shrinkage of habitats, loss of fodder/prey base in the forests and increased activities around the forests. Rapid expansion of habitations, agriculture and tea gardens had not only encroached upon the forests and grasslands, but also cut off the corridors needed for migration of wide-ranging animals like elephants. Moreover, wanton grazing of cattle in the forest fringes and other forest areas have created acute pressure on the fodder of the large herbivores. Reduction of natural grassland and conversion of natural forests into value-added plantations of commercial species, until a couple of decades back, has further restricted the fodder base of the elephants and other wild animals. Poaching of deer and other smaller prey-animals has resulted into reduction in prey-base of big cats like tiger & leopard.

The following steps are being taken to reduce conflicts and check animal depredation
1. Eco-restoration of the wildlife habitats by afforestation of fodder tree species, indigenous grasses and bamboos in blank areas and degraded forests.

2. Identification and mapping of critical elephant migration corridors and routes.

3. Enrichment of the natural habitats through development of cover, water resources, salt-licks, soil and water conservation etc. wherever necessary;

4. Close co-ordination with the neighbouring states, viz. Jharkhand etc. to check migration of Elephant herds as far as possible.

5. Direct measures to mitigate man-animal conflict including creation of electric fencing at strategic locations, driving of elephants from human habitation by elephant depredation control squads, early warning systems, use of kunkee elephants for driving of elephants etc.

6. Eco-development activities in the fringe villages to reduce biotic pressure inside forest areas.

7. Indirect measures to mitigate man-animal conflicts through development of pasture lands and woodlands on available community land and Government land outside the animal habitats, control of grazing, establishment of alternate systems to meet sustenance need of forest-dependent human populations, popularisation of Non-Conventional Energy systems, changes in socio-economic practices which lead to intensification of conflict with wildlife and elephant populations.

8. Payment of ex-gratia grant to the victims of animal depredation and adoption of alternative schemes, such as group insurance scheme for villagers.

9. Capture and translocation of problem populations of animal; translocation and/or elimination of established rogue elephants.

10. Training of captured elephants including establishment of required infrastructure and hold training programmes for elephant managers and handlers.

11. Strengthening of anti-poaching measures and infrastructure; payment of rewards / incentives.

12. Radio-collaring, periodic monitoring of movements of elephant population and directional driving of elephant herds.

13. Research on various aspects of wildlife management; compilation and publication of research material; holding of seminars, workshops and meetings.

14. Veterinary care for elephants in the wild as well as in captivity.

15. Increasing awareness among people by publication of education material, slide shows, film shows and street plays etc. as well as campaign through electronic media.

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